Genes are the building blocks for all the functions of the body. Any mutation of the genes result in disorders which get passed from parents to children. They can be inherited as autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked inheritance.
Turners syndrome - it a disorder of the X chromosome, that affects girls causing extreme short stature, menstrual irregularities and pubertal problems.
Downs syndrome - it a genetic disorder due to chromosome 21. Children affected have typical facies, hormonal abnormalities and cardiac anomalies.
Prader Willi syndrome - is a syndrome of chromosome 15. Children affected have extreme appetite and become obese. They also have short stature, and hypogenitalia.